Orofacial

Dawson, William. “Ask the Doctor: A Mouthful of Problems.” The Double Reed 25, no. 2 (2002): 112-14.

Common oral conditions that can negatively affect the ability to play a wind instrument are addressed. Canker sore, their cause and treatment are highlighted. Dental changes with aging, restorative dentistry, and temporomandibular joint dysfunction are also topics of interest.

Dawson, William. “Ask the Doctor: Dental Difficulties.” The Double Reed 25, no. 1 (2002): 123-24.

Dawson points out the importance of dental health for oboists due to its application to embouchure and sound production. The effects of braces and possible pain remedies are given, as well as a recommendation to find an orthodontist with experience with musicians. He also discusses facial trauma as a result of excessive heat or cold (sunburn or frostbite) and injury due to accident (lacerations, lost or broken teeth, broken bones and soft tissue damage.)

Evans, Alison, Bronwen Ackermann, and Tim Driscoll. “Functional Anatomy of the Soft Palate Applied to Wind Playing.” Medical Problems of Performing Artists 25 (December 2010): 183-89.

Written for musicians and teachers to help them better understand what exactly velopharyngeal incompetence is and how the soft palate mechanism functions. The authors define the seven muscles involved and include multiple anatomic diagrams. Applies the understanding of muscle functionality to wind playing technique.

Howard, James A., and Anthony T. Lovrovich. “Wind Instruments: Their Interplay with Orofacial Structures.” Medical Problems of Performing Artists 4 (June 1989): 59-72.

After a survey of amateur wind musicians, Howard and Lovrovish established that the embouchure can be compromised by a variety of problems: insufficient lip control, muscle fatigue, sores, and TMJ. Dental abnormalities, lip form, dental crowding, and soft tissue problems also addressed. Detailed diagram of the facial musculature structure. The authors recommend understanding a potential student’s physical characteristics when choosing a wind instrument in order to create ideal embouchure compatibility.

Stoll, Peter, and Herbert Rixecker. “Functional and Esthetic Oral Rehabilitation of an Oboe Player by Transdental Fixation: Report of a Case.” Quintessence International 19, no. 3 (1988): 205-208.

A case study of a 56-year-old professional oboist who needed to go through extensive dental surgery including the extraction of anterior teeth, vital to playing his instrument. The steps taken and recovery process are explained. The oboist was able to return to his career with the new prosthetic teeth.

Tomkiewicz, Dr. Susan Hatch. “TMJ: A Wind Musician’s Nightmare, Part 1.” The Double Reed 36, no. 3 (2013): 79-83.

Tomkiewicz expounds on the effects of TMJ for oboists based on her own experiences and research. She shares physical symptoms and how they affected playing her instrument as well as stories of physician and dentist interaction. Anatomic diagrams and photos of mouth guards and a bibliography of TMJ related websites included.

“To Your Health: Diagnosing and Treating TMJ Disorders.” International Musician 106 (January 2008): 12.

Aimed to help musicians diagnose whether TMJ may be a contributor to ear, jaw or neck pain. It outlines possible causes and symptoms including stress, poor posture, and repetitive stress. A variety treatment options recommended both in regards to self and physician care.

Weber, Jaroy, and Robert A. Chase. “Stress Velopharyngeal Incompetence in an Oboe Player.” Cleft Palate 7 (October 1970): 858-61.

A study performed by the Stanford Cleft Palate Clinic of a twenty-three year old woman who had experienced nasal snorting while playing for six years, typically after ten minutes of playing. The doctors measure air pressure, length of soft and long palates and used radiography to measure palatial movement while she played. No resolution given.